The Four Sons of Horus
Imseti, Hapi, Tuamutef and Qebhsenuf
I've included these 4 gods on one page because they are
normally grouped together. They are commonly seen as
the heads of the 4 canopic jars, each one protecting a
specific part of the deceased in the Afterlife. In
addition, each god represents a cardinal point and has a
guardian goddess. They are depicted as mummified
men with various heads, as explained below.
Imseti (aka Mesta, Mestha) looks after the stomach and
large intestines. He has the head of a man and is the god of
the south. The goddess Isis looks after him.
The ape headed (dog headed, according to Budge) Hapi
protects the small intestines, represents the north and is
associated with Nephthys. Hapi, son of Horus, should not
be confused with Hapi, God of the Nile. The latter is a
fertility god associated with the inundation of the Nile
river. He is often depicted as a bearded male with either
lilies or papyrus plants on his head, signifying either Upper
or Lower Egypt respectively.
Jackal headed Tuamutef (aka Duamutef) protects the lungs
and heart, represents the east and is associated with Neith.
Hawk headed Qebhsenuf, god of the west, protects the liver
and gall-bladder and is associated with the goddess Serqet.
Isis, Osiris and the four sons of Horus
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